Back in the day, websites were simple, static text sites with a bit of formatting and maybe even some animation. That was all thanks to HTML and CSS. But how did we get from there to today, where we interact with sites, fill out forms, play videos, and load parts of other websites within a page—all without clicking refresh?

It’s important to note that front-end development has changed significantly over the past 10 to 15 years with the explosive growth of JavaScript, which wasn’t as ubiquitous on the front end as it is now, or even as common on the back end, thanks to Node.js. Before JavaScript was such a big player, even a PHP developer could work in front-end development—a crossover that’s less common now than it was then. For Digital Marketing Companies Check Vivid Digital 

Some of the core technologies used in front-end web development include:

HTML: The Organizer

HTML is how every site on the web is organized, so it’s a big one you can’t live without in front-end development.

  • HTML5 is the latest HTML specification. Get a full run-down of this evolving backbone of front-end web technology and learn about one of its cooler features, Canvas.
  • We know HTML is a markup language—but what’s a markup language? Learn all about these foundational web technologies and what they do.
  • Similar terms getting confusing? Get an overview of the difference between HTML vs. XHTML vs. HTML5.

    JavaScript: The Multitasker

What was once a supplementary tool to make web pages more interactive is now the most ubiquitous client-side technology. JavaScript is more than just a language—it’s an entire ecosystem that spans frameworks, task runners, server-side development, and more. Do a deep dive into this fundamental front-end technology with articles like:

  • The AngularJS Framework
  • jQuery: A Write Less, Do More JavaScript Library
  • Grunt and Gulp: Task Runner Tools to Streamline Front-End Development
  • The Advantages of TypeScript and TypeScript & CoffeeScript: Two Tools to Write Faster, Cleaner JavaScript

    CSS: The Stylist

Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) are how developers add styling and effects to a website. Styles can be added globally, then layered on without changing that fundamental styling that gets applied to a whole site.

  • CSS is always evolving. Get to know what’s new with the latest and greatest version, CSS3.
  • Many front-end developers use a CSS preprocessor to make writing lots of lines of CSS even faster. Learn about a popular one, Sass.
  • Stay in the know and learn about one of its recent specifications, CSS Grid.
  • CSS front-end frameworks like Foundation or Bootstrap can help you create polished websites in a snap.

    AJAX: The “Gofer”

AJAX (Asynchronous JavaScript and XML) is a technology that’s used to create dynamic applications and webpages. It allows a page to update data within certain elements separate from the whole page, so portions can be refreshed without reloading the entire app. Read this article about AJAX to learn more.

JSON is a fundamental part of AJAX, and also a really common data transfer format you’ll come across a lot when talking about front-end strategies. Get a look at this with our article What is JSON?

    • Writing A Job Description to Find a Great Front-End Developer
    • How Do You Hire a Front-End Developer?
    • Web Design vs. Web Development
    • UX, UI, IA? 7 Confusing Digital Design Terms Defined
    • What is Responsive Web Design & Why Do You Need It?
    • What Are Web Fonts & Why Are They Important?
    • A Look at Sketch: A tool for UI designers
    • What Type of Designer Do You Need?
    • A Designer’s Toolbox: All Things AdobeHow Much Does it Cost to Hire a Front-End Web Developer?
    • UI AND UX DESIGN: BRINGING THE FRONT-END TO LIFEWe’d be remiss to talk about front-end development without mentioning the design aspect—two things that go hand in hand in website and app development. Many front-end developers wear a few hats, with web designers and UI/UX skills in their toolbox. If a designer knows what kinds of things are possible with front-end code, they’re better able to design intuitive, interactive UIs—and vice versa. SEO Services in Hyderabad visit hereDive into where front-end development UI and UX design meet with some of the following articles:


      When it comes time to engage that top-notch front-end developer, we’ve put together a few more resources for you.

      If you’re building a single-page application, creating a WordPress site, or even just pulling together a landing page, you may know you need some front-end development and design work, but may not know what goes into your project or who you’ll need to get it done. The Hiring Guides have resources to help you find, hire, and write project descriptions for a variety of front-end developers like HTML developers, CSS developers, and JavaScript developers.

      Check out the following resources to help you kick off a successful search for a front-end developer:

      Comparing Front-end Technologies

    Want to learn even more? There are a slew of frameworks like AngularJS, React, Bootstrap, and jQuery available to developers to streamline front-end development. If you and your team are trying to decide which framework may be best for a certain module of your application’s front-end, we’ve got plenty of comparison articles that stack up some of the top frameworks, tools, and libraries.

    Your developer will be able to recommend the tech that’s best for your needs, but having a broad view of what’s out there can help you make an informed decision.

    • Polymer vs. React
    • AngularJS vs. React
    • Battle of the Text Editors: Atom vs. Sublime vs. Brackets
    • AngularJS vs. EmberJS
    • Bootstrap vs. Foundation
    • AngularJS vs. jQuery


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